Von Willebrand’s Disease in Dogs

Von Willebrand's Disease in Dogs

What is Von Willebrand’s disease? – Von Willebrand’s disease is an inherited blood-clotting disorder in dogs to which some breeds are susceptible. The symptoms of this disease are similar to the symptoms of hemophilia in humans.

In short, this disease is a bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of a protein called Von Willebrand Factor or vWF. This factor is needed by the blood because it helps clotting in case of injury or cut. When it is missing, excessive bleeding can occur in the dog, which can further cause other health problems.


As it is a hereditary disease, it is first noticed in very small puppies. Usually at the first visit to the vet for vaccination. The veterinarian will usually notice that your dog is suffering from this disease. If you suspect that your dog is suffering from this disease, or has a genetic predisposition to get it, the symptoms to look out for include:

– Spontaneous nosebleeds
– Blood present in urine
– The gums are prone to episodes of bleeding that cannot be stopped
– The dog’s skin may show signs of bruising
– Prolonged bleeding occurs after surgery or injury
– Dogs can become anemic due to excessive bleeding and blood loss

Some dogs can suffer from a milder form of the disease, and in their case, a vaccine solution that mostly helps their condition. Most dogs with this disease live long with minimal or no treatment when it comes to the milder form.

However, in the more severe form, if the dog needs surgery of any kind, or if he had a more serious injury that caused the loss of a large amount of blood then a blood transfusion (if there is a compatible donor) or blood replacement products and other forms of medication and treatment prescribed by a veterinarian specifically for your dog’s needs.

If you suspect that your pet is suffering from this disease, be sure to consult with your chosen veterinarian for treatment as well as further monitoring of the disease.


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